|Party:||Greens/EFA Group in the European Parliament|
R04: Future Relations with Russia must be based on values, the rule of law and fundamental rights
The Russian government continues its systematic efforts to move its country
further away from standards of international law, democracy and human rights and
locking it into ever-greater dependency on fossil-fuel exports, rent-seeking and
a corruption-based economy model. This strategic choice by the Russian
government is a test for European democracies, civil societies and thus to us as
a green movement. It is time to define our positions based on our green values,
including sustainability, transparency, the rule of law and fundamental rights.
Our green overarching objective is to shape our relationship with the Russian
Federation in such a way that:
- regional and global peace and stability, as well as norms of international
law are preserved;
- the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all countries in Europe are
restored and secured;
- human rights, democracy and the rule of law are prioritised; while we
- keep and create possibilities for collaboration to solve common problems.
The European Union, its Member States, other European states and allies must
clearly denounce any violations of international law by the Russian government
or its affiliated actors, consistently take resolute countermeasures, while
keeping their credibility and refraining from applying double standards. At the
same time, we should aim for institutional cooperation with Russia in
international organisations and multilateral treaties in order to promote
complementary or equal interests, such as in the realm of environmental issues
and the green transformation of Russia, the EU and neighbouring countries, in
particular by making use of the unique opportunities offered by the European
Green Deal. A prerequisite of such institutional collaboration is the mutual
understanding that joining forces in certain specific fields does not presuppose
any concessions in others, especially those concerning values. While seeking
such cooperation, we should always consider the geostrategic risks resulting
from abuse of such cooperation by the Russian government. Solidarity among the
EU, its Member States, other European states and allies must not be undermined
by their respective Russia policies but must foster mutual cooperation and
trust. Before joining economic projects, we should ensure that such projects do
not damage European solidarity, benefit corrupt individuals or entities, or have
a negative impact on human rights or the environment.
Therefore, we, the European Green Party, base our vision for relations with the
Russian Federation on the following principles:
- Prioritising support for the citizens of Russia, their fundamental rights
and a democratic Russian civil society.
- Using every means possible to support, financially and otherwise,
independent civil society, human rights defenders, lawyers, journalists,
bloggers and activists, in particular those fighting for the rights of
women and marginalised groups, and environmental action in Russia.
- Demanding that the Russian authorities release all those unjustly
imprisoned for political reasons and stop the harassment, intimidations
and attacks on civil society, media, human rights defenders and activists
and, where appropriate, facilitate the issuing of emergency visas and
provide temporary shelter.
- Strengthening people-to-people contacts with the citizens of Russia,
lowering visa barriers and broadening exchange programmes, as well as
direct recruitment opportunities for both high- and low-skill workers from
Russia, and creating and widening opportunities for politically motivated
immigrants from Russia to settle in Europe.
- Supporting fundamental human rights, including championing gender
equality, LGBTIQ+ rights and minority rights in Russia, and helping
oppressed citizens in Russia, fighting racism, xenophobia, hate crimes,
police brutality, and other forms of discrimination or persecution.
- Expecting European governments, especially in the EU, to implement their
commitments to gender mainstreaming in all external actions and raising
the issues of gender equality, women’s rights and gender-based violence in
their interactions with the Russian Federation, and raising awareness
among the population.
- Calling on European governments to go beyond treating the political elite
as the sole political actor in the country, and to increase engagement
with the Russian regions in order to open the door to more independent
cooperation with regional and local actors.
- Continuously calling on Russia to repeal or amend all laws incompatible
with international standards, such as the ‘foreign agents’ law and the law
on ‘undesirable’ organisations, and insisting on the depoliticisation of
the judiciary, and the right to fair trial and access to legal counsel.
- Calling on the Russian government and State Duma to revise the legal
framework for elections, including on election observation, to facilitate
pluralism and free and fair elections according to international
- Pushing for an EU anti-corruption sanctions regime to complement the
current EU Global Human Rights Sanctions Regime, and also insisting on
sanctions that target the financing of intelligence services and the
military, as well as the oil and gas sector, in the event of further
- Supporting nuclear disarmament, arms reduction and arms control aimed at
reducing the risk of nuclear detonation for the European continent,
through reciprocal regional disarmament.
- Advocating for the proper implementation of anti-money-laundering rules
and more transparency, especially in relation to the Russian elite’s funds
and assets deposited or spent in the EU.
- AM-90-1 EGP Committee
- AM-89-1 Federation of Young European Greens
- AM-90-2 Federation of Young European Greens
- AM-90-3 Green Party of England and Wales
- Continuing to support the Eastern Partnership (EaP) countries in upholding
their independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity within their
internationally recognised borders, and condemning Russia’s direct and
indirect involvement in armed conflicts in the EaP and human rights
violations carried out on territories occupied or annexed by Russia, as
well as offering them a long-term perspective for EU integration.
- Demanding strengthened resilience and countermeasure capabilities against
hybrid interference, in particular to counter propaganda and
disinformation originating from Russia and spread in other countries, as
well as cyber attacks and military espionage.
- Further supporting the independent media, journalists and bloggers in
Russia so as to strengthen alternative sources and channels that are not
controlled by the Kremlin.
- Pushing for effective strategies in the field of digital policy in order
to use technological standards and the open internet to support free
spaces and restrict oppressive technologies.
- Continuing to oppose the use of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and the
expansion of Russia’s nuclear-energy sector, as well as systematically
reviewing similar bilateral projects that undermine the principle of
solidarity, supporting corruption or leading to human rights violations.
- Advocating for an ambitious and resolute European green agenda and
reducing our dependency on Russian gas and oil, and other raw materials,
including by accelerating the implementation of the European Green Deal
and rejecting the notion of natural gas as an allegedly intermediate
lower-carbon path towards achieving climate goals.
- AM-4-3 (Federation of Young European Greens)
- AM-5-1 (Groen)
- AM-6-9 (Groen)
- AM-19-1 (Grüne / Les Verts / I Verdi)
- AM-22-1 (EGP Committee)
- AM-42-1 (EGP Committee)
- AM-46-1 (GroenLinks)
- AM-68-1 (Europe Ecologie - Les Verts)
- AM-73-1 (SMS Evrope Slovenia)
- AM-81-1 (Vihreät - De Gröna)
- AM-89-1 (Federation of Young European Greens)
- AM-90-1 (EGP Committee)
- AM-90-2 (Federation of Young European Greens)
- AM-90-3 (Green Party of England and Wales)
- AM-94-1 (Bündnis 90/Die Grünen)
- AM-107-1 (Groen)
- AM-109-1 (Sakartvelo's mtsvaneta partia / Georgian Greens Party)